Richard Potter, Magician, Ventriloquist, Showman

To begin, History states that Richard Potter was born in New Hampshire in 1738. His mother was an African woman named Dinah enslaved by Sir Charles Frankland, a pre-Boston-Tea-Party tax collector of the Port of Boston. Richard Potter’s paternity was never established, but he was raised by Sir Charles. It is thought that Potter’s father was Frankland’s son. At the age of ten, Potter traveled to Britain as a cabin boy with a friend of the family. While in England, he supposedly saw John Rannie, a magician and ventriloquist, perform at an English fair, and soon thereafter he began touring Britain and Europe with Rannie as his assistant. About 1800, Rannie and Potter came to the United States and joined a traveling circus.

On March 25, 1808, Richard married Sally Harris, a native American, and the next year their son was born. In early 1811 John Rannie returned home to Scotland, but left Potter with an amazing knowledge of magic and ventriloquism. One of the earliest records of Potter advertising his shows was on November 2, 1811, in Boston at the Colombian Museum. The performance featured ventriloquism and magic which was still considered a ground-breaking form of entertainment. His shows were labeled as “one hundred curious experiments with money, eggs, cards and the like.” Furthermore, Because of his dark complexion, Potter was often thought to be an American Indian or Hindu, all of which added to his air of mystery. He was described in advertisements as a “Black Yankee”. He sometimes dressed in a turban and performed as an Asian or introduced his wife (accurately) as an American Indian. Potter took full advantage of his perceived exotic appearance and fueled the mystery over the origin of his birth by claiming to be the son of Benjamin Franklin. Potter was very successful but still faced adversity throughout his life. In Mobile, Alabama, he was refused space at an inn because of racism. Despite this experience he made $4,800 (about $55,500 today) for a 20-day engagement in the early 1800s.! Not feeling safe with that much money, he left the city in the middle of the night in the opposite direction of his next venue. In 1813, Potter’s success allowed him to buy a 175-acre farm in Andover, NH, in the village now known as Potter’s Place. The Potter estate consisted of several rooms on the first floor, the second floor was said to be one big room. The Potter’s would have lavish dinner parties at there home, where he would entertain.

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